?

Log in

o_d_d_isorder's Journal

Name:
oppositional defiance disorder
Membership:
Open
Posting Access:
Anybody , Moderated
Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Also known as:

Description

Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) is a disorder in which children ignore or defy adults' requests and rules. They may be passive, finding ways to annoy others, or active, verbally saying "No". They tend to blame others for their mistakes and difficulties. When asked why they are so defiant, they may say that they are only acting against unreasonable rules. They are different from children with conduct disorders in that they do not violate the rights of others. These behaviors are present at home, but not necessarily in other situations, such as school, or with other adults.

ICD-10 Criteria
The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders
World Health Organization, Geneva, 1992



F91.3 Oppositional Defiant Disorder
This type of conduct disorder is characteristically seen in children below the age of 9 or 10 years. It is defined by the presence of markedly defiant, disobedient, provocative behaviour and by the absence of more severe dissocial or aggressive acts that violate the law or the rights of others. The disorder requires that the overall criteria for F91 be met: even severely mischievous or naughty behaviour is not in itself sufficient for diagnosis. Many authorities consider that oppositional defiant patterns of behaviour represent a less severe type of conduct disorder, rather than a qualitatively distinct type. Research evidence is lacking on whether the distinction is qualitative or quantitative. However, findings suggest that, in so far as it is distinctive, this is true mainly or only in younger children. Caution should be employed in using this category, especially in the case of older children. Clinically significant conduct disorders in older children are usually accompanied by dissocial or aggressive behaviour that go beyond defiance, disobedience, or disruptiveness, although, not infrequently, they are preceded by oppositional defiant disorders at an earlier age. The category is included to reflect common diagnostic practice and to facilitate the classification of disorders occurring in young children.

Diagnostic Guidelines

The essential feature of this disorder is a pattern of persistently negativistic, hostile, defiant, provocative, and disruptive behaviour, which is clearly outside the normal range of behaviour for a child of the same age in the same sociocultural context, and which does not include the more serious violations of the rights of others as reflected in the aggressive and dissocial behaviour specified for categories F91.0 and F91.2. Children with this disorder tend frequently and actively to defy adult requests or rules and deliberately to annoy other people. Usually they tend to be angry, resentful, and easily annoyed by other people whom they blame for their own mistakes or difficulties. They generally have a low frustration tolerance and readily lose their temper. Typically, their defiance has a provocative quality, so that they initiate confrontations and generally exhibit excessive levels of rudeness, uncooperativeness, and resistance to authority.

Frequently, this behaviour is most evident in interactions with adults or peers whom the child knows well, and signs of the disorder may not be evident during a clinical interview.

The key distinction from other types of conduct disorder is the absence of behaviour that violates the law and the basic rights of others, such as theft, cruelty, bullying, assault, and destructiveness. The definite presence of any of the above would exclude the diagnosis. However, oppositional defiant behaviour, as outlined in the paragraph above, is often found in other types of conduct disorder. If another type (F91.0-F91.2) is present, it should be coded in preference to oppositional defiant disorder.

Excludes:

conduct disorders including overtly dissocial or aggressive behaviour (F91.0-F91.2)

ICD-10 copyright © 1992 by World Health Organization


*side-note*
I don't like any of these existing definitions as they all state that the patient (is always a child/or adolescent).

I'm looking for actual definitions. most of the sties ive found are made by parents for their children and "Troubled Teens". Its like trying to find sites for adults with ADHD... they practically don't exist!

How common are o_d_d_isorder's interests
Universal
none
Popular
none
Common
none
Specialist
none
Unusual
a.d.d (96)
a.d.h.d (18)
ad/hd (30)
odd (523)
oppositional defiant disorder (17)
Rare
o.d.d (1)
oppositional defiance disorder (7)

Enter username:

InterestRank was bought to you by _imran_ and MemeLand.org

Statistics